To answer the specific needs for the construction of the D2 Tower, ArcelorMittal supplied 50 000 m² of steel for the composite floor deck and 4 200 tonnes of structural steel and beams. Designed in the large urban renewal project of La Défense, the D2 Tower, inaugurated in January 2016, is the first high rise building in France with an external steel grid structure.
|Bracing||diagrid||HISTAR® 460||sprayed+protective metal coating|
|HISTAR® 460||sprayed/intumescent coating|
|Floor solutions||cellular beams||cellular beams||sprayed|
The perimeter diagrid consists of large and heavy, hot rolled steel sections, mainly HD 400, in Histar® 460 steel grade, allowing interesting 30% weight reduction and about 25% cost decrease for the steel needed for the building structure. Mainly 12m long sections were assembled on site in a V-shape, each weighing about 14 tonnes. Each V covers the height of 3 floors and is integrated into the curtain wall of different sized and shaped glazed elements. The ACB® beams' circular openings in the web simplified the layout of the technical installations and an increased usable floor height.
ArcelorMittal Steel Sections
ArcelorMittal Europe – Long Products provided 4,000 tonnes of structural steel, thereof 3,000 tonnes of Histar® 460 sections for the diagrid and 1,200 tonnes of ACB® beams. To note that hot rolled sections in high strength steel grades are produced by few mills on the market and ArcelorMittal Differdange is the only one capable to offer Histar® grades.
ArcelorMittal Construction France also contributed to this project, providing 50 000 m² of Cofraplus® 60, composite steel decking for the floors. Chosen for its light weight and high strength, it combines the performance of a galvanized steel profile with that of reinforced concrete. The ACB® beams between the external structure and the concrete core support the Cofraplus® 60 floor deck.
Shortening construction time
Thanks to the steel structure the weight of the tower was significantly reduced compared to a concrete structure. The steel structure reduced the overall costs, shortened the construction time, allowed a faster occupancy and return on the investment.
Overall, the use of a composite flooring system and cellular floor beams increased the total usable floor area and allowed the construction to be time efficient: according to time schedule and budget, the construction could be carried out at a steady rate of 3 floors in 3 weeks.
Height: 171m (561ft)
Number of Floors: 38
Gross floor area: 54 500m2
Building Function: Office
Structural material: Steel columns and beams with composite floors and a reinforced concrete core
Architect: Agence d’architecture Anthony Béchu - Tom Sheehan
Structural Engineer: DVVD; Setec TPI
General Contractor: GTM Bâtiment (Vinci group)
ArcelorMittal Steel: 3 000 tonnes of HD 400 sections in HISTAR® 460 and 1 200 tonnes of ACB® beams
© Pierre-Elie de Pibrac